1993-11-01

The Seat Belt Syndrome in Children 933098

Lap belts, fitted to the centre seats of Australian cars for the past twenty-two years, have come under criticism as being injurious to children. The weight of evidence is that lap belts provide substantial protection, though less than three-point belts. A specific injury, the seat belt syndrome (SBS), to abdominal viscera and/or lumbar spine has been particularly associated with lap belts, an association confirmed by a hospital-based study in Melbourne. Roadside observations of belt use and Transport Accident Commission claims permitted the calculation of the incidence of SBS and the relative risks of SBS by seated position. The centre rear seat (lap belt) carried about twice the risk of SBS as outboard rear seats (three-point belts) which in turn have 2.7 times the risk of the outboard front seat. The number of SBS cases in Victoria has increased with penetration of the car fleet by 1971 and later cars. Suggestions are made for improvements in the restraint system.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:
TECHNICAL PAPER

Crash Protection for Rear Seat Occupants

870479

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Usability Trials of Alternative Child Restraint Attachment Systems

973301

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

The Nature of Seat Belt Injuries

700896

View Details

X