1993-11-01

Neck Injury Criteria for Children from Real Crash Reconstructions 933103

In view of the lack of data concerning child protection, an accidentological and experimental work was engaged. The goal of this international research involving experts from seven countries was two-fold: In one hand, to establish protection principles, gathering and analysing real crashes involving restrained children. In the other hand, to identify and to quantify injury mechanisms in order to increase knowledge on child tolerances. To realize this second part, real crash reconstructions were performed, in order to correlate observed injuries with recorded parameters on dummies. This paper mainly presents four real crashes with the corresponding reconstructions. A special analysis of injury mechanisms in relation with their respective pertinent parameters is then proposed.

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