1994-03-01

Real World Emissions Variability as Measured by Remote Sensors 940582

During the fall of 1992, the Michigan Roadside Study was conducted. During this study IM240 tests were conducted on vehicles that had also been emissions tested during on-road operation via two remote sensors that were separated by 100 feet. The use of two remote sensors provided an indication of the short-term real-world emissions variability of a large number of on-road vehicles. This data was used to determine the frequency of flippers, i.e. vehicles that are sometimes high emitters (>4% CO) and at other times low emitters (<2% CO). The data show that the flipper frequency increases for older model year vehicles. Also, the correlations between remote sensor readings of emissions concentrations and IM240 mass emissions rates were determined. The data show that the correlation between remote sensing and IM240 improves with increasing numbers of remote sensing readings. For three remote sensor readings, CO correlates with an r2 of 0.69 and HC correlates with an r2 of 0.54

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