1994-03-01

Experimental Validation of Ellipsoid-to-Foam Contact Model 940881

This report describes an experimental validation of an ellipsoid-to-foam contact model. A series of static foam tests was conducted using Side Impact Dummy rib cage, pelvis, upper leg, and wooden ellipsoids as impactors to validate a theoretical foam contact model previously developed. Predicted results of contact forces, calculated using the uni-axial stress-strain relationship and contact areas, yield good correlation with the test data. These studies used CFC foams and were conducted prior to switching to water-blown foam material development.
The ellipsoid-to-foam contact model is being integrated into a MADYMO side impact model. The MADYMO/foam simulation model can then be used to help evaluate design variable tradeoffs (e.g., door thickness vs. body side structures and foam padding requirement vs. interior package) thereby reducing the current dependency on testing, bolster development time, and cost.

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