1994-04-01

Numerical Prediction of Slip Energy of a Straight Rolling Tire 941179

This paper presents the results of a study in which the free rolling behavior of a F-16 tire was numerically modeled. The tire contact patch normal and shear stresses as well as the displacement distributions were obtained from a three dimensional finite element computer program used at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. It is shown how the predicted deflections are in reasonable agreement with the rated load vs. deformation characteristics, while predicting the effective rolling radius using a theoretical solution. A significant development of this work is the formulation and execution of a finite difference algorithm to evaluate the contact patch slip velocity distribution by methodically manipulating the above computer program results. Slip velocities are then utilized in assessing the rate of slip energy generation at the contact patch, which directly contributes to tire wear. Finally, it is shown how even a low brake slip ratio can increase the contact patch slip energy.

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