1994-10-01

First In-Situ Measurement of Lubricant Degradation in the Ring Pack of a Running Engine 942026

Mid-infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy, has been applied for the first time to the measurement of lubricant degradation products in the ring pack of a firing single-cylinder, IDI diesel.An IR-transmitting window, mounted in the cylinder wall, enables illumination of the moving piston by a broadband IR source located on the engine exterior. Light reflected from the piston is analysed in three wavebands to measure carbonyl oxidation products and oil volumes.Intra-cycle observations reveal differences in the apparent extent of lubricant oxidation between strokes and at different spatial locations in the ring pack. The data are interpreted in terms of a non-homogeneous sample.

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