The technical issues related to NOx abatement for diesel applications are summarized. Data on improved catalysts and a novel approach which involves temporarily trapping of NOx before reduction are presented. New high temperature lean NOx materials have been identified which have better hydrothermal stability than the state of the art Cu/ZSM-5. One of these materials, Catalyst A, was shown to reduce the NOx emitted from a 2.5 L diesel engine at temperatures ≥ 350°C using injected diesel fuel as a reductant. Catalyst A also showed reasonably good durability after aging for 500 h at ca. 500°C on a 14 L diesel truck engine. Pt/Al2O3, a low temperature lean NOx reduction catalyst (200-300°C), demonstrated fairly good performance after 125 h of aging on a 4 L diesel truck engine, however sulfate make and N2O formation are high on this material. New low temperature NOx traps show promise for transient removal of NOx below 200-400°C.