Improved Knock Detection by Advanced Signal Processing 950845

Engine knock has been recognized as a major problem limiting the development of fuel efficient spark-ignition engines. Detection methods employed in current knock control systems for spark ignition engines use a measurement of engine block vibration tuned to one or more resonance frequencies to extract knock-related information from the engine structural vibration. A major problem in the detection of knock (especially at higher engine speed) in commercial engines is the isolation of the desired signal from the contributions of the components other than those associated with the phenomenon under investigation. This is generally referred to as background noise. It is known that the engine knock resonance frequencies vary due to changes in combustion chamber volume and temperature during the expansion phase. Therefore, we propose an improved knock detection method using joint time-frequency analysis of engine block vibration and pressure signals. The experimental studies performed on a 3.5 ℓ V-6 engine using the proposed detection method show a significant improvement in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR).


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