1995-02-01

Effect of EGR on Combustion Development in a 1.9L DI Diesel Optical Engine 950850

The effect of various levels of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) on the combustion characteristics has been investigated in the four-cylinder 1.9L direct-injection optical VW diesel engine in terms of the cylinder pressure, flame development, temperature and KL-factor distributions. Images of the developing flame under twelve engine operating conditions including 1000rpm/idle, 2000rpm/2 bar bmep and 2000rpm/10 bar bmep at 0%, 30% and 50% EGR-rates were obtained by means of two CCD cameras, in the absence of external illumination, with and without interference filters in the optical path. Analysis of these images has revealed that increased EGR rates lead to increased cyclic pressure variations during the warm-up period of the engine, reduced and more fragmented high-temperature regions, reduced flame core temperatures, generally reduced soot oxidation rates but similar ignition delay times. Overall, the effect of EGR on combustion increased with load and speed until a stage was reached at 50% EGR-rate and high load when combustion became unstable and the pressure trace highly non-repeatable.

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