1995-02-01

A New Multi-Impingement-Wall Head Diffusion Combustion System (NICS-MH) of a DI Diesel Engine, Part 2 950851

A three-dimensional diffusing spray using the multi-impingement-wall head (MIW head) has been proposed to form air-fuel mixtures in a simple DI diesel engine. In this paper, effects of the width of the MIW head on spray pattern, distribution and engine performance have been investigated.
In the fuel spray and engine performance experiments, an optimal width of MIW head results in the collision of fuel particles to advantageous position in a combustion chamber for obtaining a good fuel spray distribution. The minimum BSFC is almost the same value as that of a single DI diesel engine, the HC and smoke densities are reduced and the NOx density is shown a tendency to some increase under part load and decrease under full load. A relatively slow heat release rate and maximum temperature duration of the MIW head can be obtained by shortening the ignition delay.

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