1995-02-01

Injury Assessment Reference Values for the CRABI 6-Month Infant Dummy in a Rear-Facing Infant Restraint with Airbag Deployment 950872

The purpose of this paper is to establish injury assessment reference values specific to the CRABI 6-Month infant dummy for use in evaluating the interaction of rear-facing infant restraints with a deploying passenger airbag. The available literature on the biomechanics of child injury and mechanical response and the results of impact tests with various child and infant dummies are reviewed and summarized. Estimations of the injury assessment reference values for use with the CRABI 6-Month dummy are made using scaling techniques based on the principles of dimensional analysis and dummy test data from infant restraint tests under conditions where injuries are not likely to occur. The information developed in this report will allow the assessment of injury potential in tests of the interaction of passenger airbags with rear-facing infant restraints. This issue is of particular importance to vehicles with only front seats, such as pickup trucks and sport vehicles.

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