This paper describes the development of a Dynamic Door Component Test Methodology (DDCTM) for side impact simulation. A feasibility study of the methodology was conducted using a MADYMO computer model by taking parameters such as door pre-crush, door-to-SID (Side Impact Dummy) contact velocity and the deceleration profile into consideration. The prove-out tests of this methodology was carried out on a dynamic sled test facility. The DDCTM has been validated for various carlines. In addition, various existing dynamic component test methods are reviewed.
In our approach, a pre-crushed door, mounted on a sled, strikes a stationary SID at a pre-determined velocity. A programmable hydraulic decelerator is used to decelerate the sled to simulate the barrier/door deceleration pulse during door-to-SID contact period. This test procedure provides excellent correlation of the SID responses between the component test and the full-scale vehicle test. The DDCTM significantly reduces the time and resources required for developing improved side impact protection systems, including new door/trim, side air bag systems and padding material evaluation.
This methodology has been applied to the development of the Ford Deploying Trim System.