The NVH optimization is a key issue for the development of future powertrains. This includes the radiated noise in terms of noise level and sound quality as well as the structure-borne noise excitation via the engine mounts. Experience shows that there are generally no single noise relevant components on modern powertrains which dominate the NVH behaviour. In contrast, a good NVH performance can only be achieved if the optimization process includes every single component and excitation. Only the combination of these optimized designs can lead to a first-class powertrain NVH.Within this paper the NVH optimization process of an existing 4-cylinder in-line spark-ignition powertrain is described. Examples for positive NVH designs are presented and their effect on the NVH behaviour are explained. Combining all positive NVH features into the engine resulted in a noise reduction of 3-5 dBA without any negative effect on fuel economy and performance.