Testing of an Integrated Air Revitalization System 951661
Long-duration missions in space will require regenerative air revitalization processes. Human testing of these regenerative processes is necessary to provide focus to the system development process and to provide realistic metabolic and hygiene inputs. To this end, the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC), under the sponsorship of NASA Headquarters Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications, is implementing an Early Human Testing (EHT) Project. As part of this project, an integrated physicochemical Air Revitalization System (ARS) is being developed and tested in JSC's Life Support Systems Integration Facility (LSSIF).
The components of the ARS include a Four-Bed Molecular Sieve (4BMS) Subsystem for carbon dioxide (CO2) removal, a Sabatier CO2 Reduction Subsystem (CRS), and a Solid Polymer Electrolyte (SPE)™ Oxygen Generation Subsystem (OGS). A Trace Contaminant Control Subsystem (TCCS) will be incorporated at a later date. Control and data acquisition for the integrated ARS is performed by a commercially available supervisory control and data acquisition system manufactured by GE Fanuc Automation North America, Inc.
This paper describes the unmanned, integrated system-level ARS test that was conducted at JSC in September 1994. Descriptions of the ARS test article, the test facility, the test objectives, the test procedures, and performance results are included.