The purpose of this study was to detect a misfiring cycle in terms of the transfer-passage and the exhaust-pipe flow rate by experimental measurements. Simultaneous measurements of flow rates and in-cylinder pressure were carried out. The flow rate data were grouped into the different combustion classes by the in-cylinder pressure. A large flow rate of exhaust blow-down and a large reverse flow rate were observed in the cycle before misfiring, compared with in the cycle before firing. It showed that high concentration of the residual burnt gas in the cylinder was the main source of misfiring, this feature was also demonstrated by the complementary measurement of CO and CO2 concentrations.