Hydraulic Pump Testing Procedures to Evaluate Lubrication Performance of Hydraulic Fluids 952092
Although the selection and role of hydraulic fluids as energy transfer agents is relatively well understood, there is no consensus on the appropriate procedures to evaluate lubrication properties on a laboratory scale. Because the use of bench tests such as the Shell 4-ball has traditionally produced poor pump wear correlations, it has been necessary to develop various hydraulic pump tests for this purpose. Since hydraulic fluid lubrication is being modeled, it is necessary to view these hydraulic pump tests as tribological tests. The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of various vane, piston and gear pump tests that have been reported as tribological tests.