Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements in a High-Swirl Engine Used for Evaluation of Computational Fluid Dynamics Calculations 952381

Two-dimensional in-cylinder velocity distributions measured with Particle Image Velocimetry were compared with computed results from Computational Fluid Dynamics codes. A high-swirl, two-valve, four-stroke transparent-combustion-chamber research engine was used. Comparisons were made of mean-flow velocity distributions, swirl-ratio evolution during the intake and compression strokes, and turbulence distributions at top-dead-center compression. This comparison with the measured flows led to more accurate calculations by identifying code improvements including swirl in the residual gas, modeling of the gas exchange during the valve overlap, and improved numerical accuracy.


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