Hydrocarbon Adsorber System for Cold Start Emissions 960347
A new adsorber concept has been tested. A zeolite adsorber with a central hole is mounted below the first catalyst, with a second catalyst downstream. During the cold start, when the adsorber is cool and the HC concentration high, HCs are adsorbed from the gas fraction passing through the channels. The small fraction of exhaust gas passing through the hole impinges directly on and heats the second catalyst. The rationale is to design the hole to maximize the second catalyst heating rate, minimize desorption during heat-up and simultaneously keep the HCs which pass through the hole at an acceptably low level. FTP test results on the 3.8 L engine give 0.081 g/mi NMHC with no hole (same as base line) and decrease to 0.056 g/mi NMHC with the hole. This concept exhibits NMHC performance in the LEV range.