Optimization of the Electrically Heated Catalyst for Emission Purification Efficiency 960350
It is well known that the EHC (Electrically Heated Catalyst) is very effective for the reduction of cold-start hydrocarbon emissions. To optimize EHC applications for LEVI (Low Emission Vehicle) and ULEV (Ultra Low Emission Vehicle) standards, the effect of heating and secondary air injection on the emission purification efficiency in FTP (Federal Test Procedure) were evaluated with three different EHC system configurations. The exhaust manifold location EHC system in which the EHC with a light-off catalyst is installed near the exhaust manifold, yields 0.038g/mile of THC (Total Hydrocarbon emissions) when the test was performed according to the FFP with an engine-aged condition equivalent to 50,000miles. Therefore, the ULEV standards could be achieved through the system. A new battery system for the EHC and a single battery system for vehicle application were evaluated. Evaluation of the Ni-MH battery for EHC system is included.