1996-02-01

Study of Divided Converter Catalytic System Satisfying Quick Warm up and High Heat Resistance 960797

Catalyst specifications and converter layouts were studied to identify the high conversion performance under various in-use driving conditions, high mileage intervals and extended life cycle.
The effects of volumes, configuration, selection and loading distribution of precious metals, additive components and substrate type for catalyst were studied on engine dynamometers and vehicle tests to optimize a catalyst converter system. Moreover, model gas experiments were conducted to analyze deterioration mechanisms and conversion characteristics of catalysts.
As a result, the concept of a divided catalyst converter system, which provides separate functions for a close-coupled and an under-floor catalyst, was found to be effective for the future exhaust system. For reducing HC emissions, the close-coupled catalyst should warm up quickly and resist a high temperature. The under-floor catalyst, located at a rather low temperature position, is durable and maintains high NOx conversion.

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