Development of Shape Memory Alloy Spring for Oil Flow Control Valve in Clutch System 960979
Drive train components (transmission, differential gears, etc.) can be made smaller and lighter if the excessive torque exerted on them can be reduced during the quick start of a vehicle. An orifice put in the hydraulic clutch piping path is an effective method. However, increased oil viscosity at low temperatures (0°C or below) makes the “pedal feel” worse. In order to increase the orifice diameter for better “pedal feel”, a shape memory alloy spring, for operation at low temperatures, was developed by adding cobalt to the nickel-titanium alloy. Consequently, a Variable-Orifice valve, using the shape memory alloy spring, is practical.