1996-05-01

On-Line Analysis of Formaldehyde and Acetaldehyde in Non-Stationary Engine Operation Using Laser Mass Spectrometry 961084

Time-resolved concentrations of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in the exhaust gas have been investigated during transient motor operation, such as sudden change of speed and load, misfiring and switching off the fuel mixture control. To this purpose, a new laser mass spectrometer has been applied which is capable of measuring the concentrations of individual exhaust compounds with 1 ppm sensitivity at a sampling rate of 50 Hz corresponding to a sampling period of 20 ms.
At sudden speed changes, high concentrations of aldehydes are observed, in particular during the phase of decreasing speed, i.e. after closing the throttle valve.

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