A test facility was constructed at University College London to study fuel spray structure within a gasoline direct injection engine. The facility consisted of a single cylinder research engine with extensive optical access and a novel video imaging and analysis system. The engine used an experimental prototype 4-valve cylinder head with direct in-cylinder high pressure fuel injection, provided by a major automotive manufacturer. The fuel spray was illuminated using a pulsed copper-vapour laser. Results are presented that illustrate the spray behaviour within the fired research engine. A laser light sheet provided an insight into the inner spray cone behaviour.