Reactivity and Exhaust Emissions from an EHC-Equipped LPG Conversion Vehicle Operating on Butane/Propane Fuel Blends 961991
This paper describes experiments conducted to determine Federal Test Procedure (FTP) exhaust emissions, ozone-forming potentials, specific reactivities, and reactivity adjustment factors for several butane/propane alternative fuel blends run on a light-duty EHC-equipped gasoline vehicle converted to operate on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Duplicate emission tests were conducted on the light-duty vehicle at each test condition using appropriate EPA FTP test protocol. Hydrocarbon speciation was utilized to determine reactivity-adjusted non-methane organic gas (NMOG) emissions for one test on each fuel.
Citation: Newkirk, M., Smith, L., Payne, M., and Segal, J., "Reactivity and Exhaust Emissions from an EHC-Equipped LPG Conversion Vehicle Operating on Butane/Propane Fuel Blends," SAE Technical Paper 961991, 1996, https://doi.org/10.4271/961991. Download Citation
Matthew S. Newkirk, Lawrence R. Smith, Michael E. Payne, Jack S. Segal
Southwest Research Institute, ARCO Products Co.
1996 SAE International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exhibition
Topics in Alternative Fuels and Their Emissions-SP-1208