1996-10-01

Reduction of Dynamic Pavement Loads of Heavy Vehicles Through Optimal Suspension Damping and Axle Vibration Absorber 962148

In this study, the enhancement of road friendliness of Heavy Goods Vehicle is investigated using two methods to control the resonant forces: (i) Determination of optimal asymmetric force velocity characteristics of the suspension dampers to control the wheel forces corresponding to the resonant modes; (ii) Optimal design of an axle vibration absorber to control the wheel forces corresponding to the unsprung mass resonance mode. An analogy between the dynamic wheel loads and ride quality performance characteristics of heavy vehicles is established through analysis of an in-plane vehicle model. A weighted optimization function comprising the dynamic load coefficient (DLC) and the overall rms vertical acceleration at the driver's location is formulated to determine the design parameters of the damper and absorber for a range of vehicle speeds. The results show that implementation of tuned axle absorbers can lead to reduction in the DLC ranging from 11.5 to 21%. The optimal asymmetric damping can provide considerable reduction in both the overall rms acceleration and the DLC due to tire forces.

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