1996-10-01

A Generic Model Concept for Optimisation in Preliminary Design 965519

The design process is an interactive feedback process where the performance of the design is compared with the performance specification. In aircraft design it is very important that the system is optimised with respect to different aspects such as performance and weight.
Traditionally, and by necessity, the design procedure has began with some kind of performance specification followed by a conceptual design, and after that the system has been optimised (usually implicitly) with respect to the performance specification. Typically, aircraft design optimisation is characterised by a multitude of objectives that can be difficult to compare to each other, such as low fuel consumption, high speed and passenger comfort. Usually this is where the engineering judgement of the designer comes in. In traditional design it is often difficult to establish what was the result of design decisions and what was the result of pure optimisation.
In the future, dramatic increases in computational performance will make simultaneous optimisation of large scale systems possible. In this paper it is also discussed how optimisation of the basic aircraft systems can be connected directly to the overall optimisation of the aircraft in the preliminary design phase, and what degree of detail and complexity that can be dealt with in the future.

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