What is Adequate Resolution in the Numerical Computations of Transient Jets? 970051
It is generally agreed that adequate resolution is required to reproduce the structure of spray and gas jets in numerical computations. It has not been clarified what this resolution should be although it would appear reasonable to assume that it should be such that the physical scales of the problem are resolved. In the case of a jet, this implies that near the orifice, the jet diameter has to be resolved since this is the appropriate length scale. It is shown in this work that if such a resolution is not used in computing transient jets, the structure of the jet is not reproduced with adequate accuracy. In fact, unexpected, erroneous and misleading dependence on ambient turbulence length and time scales will be predicted when the initial ambient turbulence diffusivity is small relative to the jet diffusivity. When the ambient turbulence diffusivity is of the same order as the jet diffusivity or greater, entrainment rates are significantly underpredicted. The literature abounds with works that do not respect this criterion, in particular, for spray jets. It is acknowledged that in the case of sprays, this criterion is a challenging one to meet.