1997-02-24

Normalization of Head Impact Test Data to 24 km/h 970389

This paper provides a methodology for adjustment of off-speed head impact test data to the required 24.14 km/h for interior head impact. The “Normalization Process” utilizes the Generic Waveform Concept for its basic foundation. Predicted results from FE Head Impact Simulation Model were used to validate the Normalization Process. It is recommended that Normalization should be applied to cases where impact velocities are within ±0.8 km/h speed difference. In general, Normalizing down-speed (from 24.94 to 24.14 km/h) is preferred over Normalizing up-speed (23.33 to 24.14 km/h). One must always check for potentially severe “bottom-out” condition by examining the pulse shape for any abrupt peaks in headform deceleration. The Normalization Process should not be applied to “glancing” impacts in which the impact and rebound vectors are not colinear.

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