This paper deals with the supervision of the Diesel injection process. A new method to analyse the injection quality is presented which is based on the acquisition and evaluation of cylinder pressure signals. In this novel approach, a reconstructed “motored” pressure is substracted from the fired pressure signal resulting in independence from a possible sensor offset and a contrast amplification. To describe the shape of the difference pressure, features like the center of gravity or the secant length at certain pressure values are introduced. These numbers can be used for supervison of the injection pump (backward diagnosis) as well as for driving the engine at operating points with low exhaust production (feedforward control).The presented concept is supported by simulations and real-time measurements obtained from a swirl chamber Turbo Diesel stock car engine (4 cylinders, 1600 ccm).