Stratified and Homogeneous Charge Operation for the Direct Injection Gasoline Engine - High Power with Low Fuel Consumption and Emissions 970543

This paper describes an experimental investigation to explore and optimise the performance, economy and emissions of a direct injection gasoline engine. Building on previous experimental direct injection investigations at Ricardo, a single cylinder engine has been designed to accommodate common rail electronically controlled fuel injection equipment together with appropriate port configuration and combustion chamber geometry. Experimental data is presented on the effects of chamber geometry, charge motion and fuel injection characteristics on octane requirement, lean limit, fuel consumption and exhaust emissions at typical automotive engine operating conditions. The configuration is shown to achieve stable combustion at air/fuel ratios in excess of 50:1 enabling unthrottled operation over a wide operating range. Strategies are demonstrated to control engine out emissions to levels approaching conventional port injected gasoline engines. Overall operating strategies and alternative exhaust aftertreatment approaches are demonstrated with the potential to meet future automotive emissions requirements.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 43% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: With TechSelect, you decide what SAE Technical Papers you need, when you need them, and how much you want to pay.