Using CAE to Guide Passenger Airbag Door Design for Optimal Head Impact Performance 970772
The increased focus on occupant protection by automobile manufacturers combined with incessant consumer demand for safety features such as dual airbags has posed design engineers with major challenges in the field of Instrument Panel (IP) design. Typically, airbags are designed to deploy when the speed of the automobile is above 13 mph in a frontal impact. The airbag door should meet head impact requirements for unbelted occupants involved in low speed impacts (<15mph) when airbags are not deployed. This paper describes how computer aided engineering (CAE) simulation techniques were used in improving the design of the passenger airbag door of a full size van for head impact performance. Fewer tests were conducted primarily for validation, which resulted in significantly less prototypes, costs and time.