1997-02-24

Modeling and Simulation of Thermal and Hydrodynamic Performance of Heat Exchangers for Automotive Applications - Part II: Evaporators 970830

A computer program has been developed to optimize the performance of finned tube evaporators. The developed program is used to predict the thermal and hydrodynamic performance of finned tube evaporators. The model is based on a steady-state finite difference model. The correlations for predicting the heat transfer and pressure drop are used from the literature.Experimental data is used to validate the developed model for a finned tube evaporator with R-12 as the working fluid. The simulated performance for heat transfer rate is within ±8 %; and refrigerant pressure drop is within ±10 % of the experimental data. The simulated data shows that 66 % of the heat transfer area is occupied by flow boiling; 23 % by the dryout region; and remaining 11 % is controlled by single-phase vapor flow.Work is continuing on predicting the performance of serpentine and laminate type evaporators with R-134a as the working fluid.

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