1997-02-24

Effect of Piston Motion on Piston Skirt Friction of a Gasoline Engine 970839

This study has been aimed at the reduction of the intense piston skirt friction force that appears in the expansion stroke out of all piston friction forces generated in gasoline engines. The friction characteristics at the piston skirt have been analyzed according to the measured results at piston friction forces and the shapes of wears at the piston skirt in actual engine operations. It is found from the above that the majority of the side force working on each piston is supported by the oil film on the skirt, while only some of the side force is supported by the portion in metallic contact with the cylinder. It is also found through experiments that the metallic contact portion has a great effect on the friction force at the skirt. The effect of piston posture in expansion stroke on the friction force has been also analyzed based on the measured results of piston slap motions. As a result, it is found that the piston motion toward the pin pushes a particular portion of the skirt against the cylinder and increases the friction force. The effect of pin offset on the friction force is also determined under this study.

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