Integrating Life Cycle Assessment with Design for Environment 971190
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) has emerged as an analytical tool to provide environmental information on a product or process through its life cycle. The cost of conducting a comprehensive LCA can be prohibitive and so “streamlining” approaches have been tested by practitioners. However, the more simple the model, the less detail and resolution it has, and this may undermine the reasons for undertaking the study. LCA complexity should be matched to the need to address environmental concerns. Certain stages of the LCA methodology are not well developed, (eg impact and improvement assessments). To overcome these difficulties, a Design for Environment (DFE) method has been used alongside LCA to provide a process by which real improvements can be initiated.