1997-05-20

Determination of Vehicle Interior Sound Power Contribution Using Sound Intensity Measurement 971907

For vehicle interior noise abatement and noise treatment, it is desirable to quantitatively determine sound power contribution from each vehicle component because: (1) Sound packages can be designed with maximized efficiency if sound power contribution into a vehicle is known; (2) Acoustic leakage inside a vehicle can be determined by comparing sound power contributions from adjacent vehicle components; and (3) Sound power flow information can be used to verify Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) model. Simple sound pressure measurement does not produce any information about sound power flow and is unsuitable for these purposes. This paper describes an in-situ determination of sound power contribution inside a vehicle using sound intensity measurements. Sound power contribution from each vehicle component was determined for engine noise at idle speed. Acoustic leakage in the vehicle was also determined. Practical considerations on the selections of measurement surface, measurement distance, and length of sound sampling time are presented. Sound intensity instrumentation and difficulties associated with near field sound intensity measurements are discussed.

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