The Effect of a Gasoline Additive, Automobile Make, and Driving Cycle on Intake Valve Deposits (IVD) and Combustion Chamber Deposits (CCD) in a Ten Car Fleet Test 972836
In a ten car fleet test, the amount and chemical composition of intake valve deposits (IVD) and combustion chamber deposits (CCD) were determined. Five car makes, three driving cycles, and a gasoline with and without an IVD reducing additive were used.
The amount of IVD and CCD were a strong function of car make, and the additive decreased IVD and increased CCD compared with non-additized base gasoline. The chemical changes in the composition of the CCD show that the additive was the source of the increased CCD.
For all vehicles tested, a modified AMA Driving Cycle and a BMW Driving Cycle produced similar amounts of IVD and CCD, with similar chemical compositions. In contrast, the high speed cycle produced less CCD and gave CCD and IVD that had a different chemical composition than that of the other two driving cycles.
No CCDI (combustion chamber deposit interference) and no driveability problems occurred during the normal course of accumulating mileage.
Citation: Homan, H. and Kelemen, S., "The Effect of a Gasoline Additive, Automobile Make, and Driving Cycle on Intake Valve Deposits (IVD) and Combustion Chamber Deposits (CCD) in a Ten Car Fleet Test," SAE Technical Paper 972836, 1997, https://doi.org/10.4271/972836. Download Citation
Howard S. Homan, Simon R. Kelemen
Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
International Fuels & Lubricants Meeting & Exposition
Gasoline and Diesel Fuel: Performance and Additives-SP-1302, SAE 1997 Transactions - Journal of Fuels and Lubricants-V106-4