Optimization of the Monitored Volume for LEV Catalyst Monitoring 972847
A model of Ford's current FTP based OBD-II catalyst monitor has been developed and used in determining the optimal monitored catalyst volume for several LEV applications. The model predictions were found to agree reasonably well with the available experimental data. Furthermore, the results of this study indicate that the optimal monitored catalyst volume for meeting LEV requirements is vehicle application specific. As a result, it is concluded that a general guideline for sizing of the monitored catalyst volume for LEVs will most likely be inadequate and could result in grossly suboptimal catalyst monitor function for some applications. The model which is described in this paper offers a potentially more effective means of determining the best monitored catalyst volume for a given vehicle application. It should be possible to utilize this model during the early phase of a vehicle program in order to provide for the optimal packaging of the catalyst monitor sensor (CMS).