Development of Data-Based Light-Duty Modal Emissions and Fuel Consumption Models 972910
A methodology for developing modal vehicle emissions and fuel consumption models is described. These models, in the form of look-up tables for fuel consumption and emissions as functions of vehicle speed and acceleration, are designed for simulations such as the Federal Highway Administration's TRAF-series of models. These traffic models are used to evaluate the impacts of roadway design on emissions and fuel consumption. Vehicles are tested on-road and on a chassis dynamometer to characterize the entire operating range of each vehicle.
As a verification exercise the models were used to predict cycle emissions and fuel consumption, and the results were compared to certification-type tests on a different population of vehicles. Results of the verification exercise show that the developed models can generally predict cycle emissions and fuel consumption with error comparable to the variability of repeat dynamometer tests.