Basic lead-acid battery technology has remained virtually unchanged for almost 100 years. Although improvements have been made in chemistry and construction, the common causes that promote battery failure have remained the same. These causes are the result of sulfation buildup (crystallized sulfur molecules) on the battery plates. The most effective solution to this problem is pulse technology.Pulse technology helps eliminate battery failure by maintaining a higher active material processing area while creating a more consistent charge acceptance environment within the battery. As a result, productivity is improved, replacement and other battery-related expenses are avoided, and unnecessary negative environmental impact is averted.