Development of a Telescoping Vaned Exhaust Nozzle for the ASTOVL Liftfan™ Application 975518
A discussion on the development of a Telescoping, Vaned, Exhaust Nozzle (TEVEN) is presented. This nozzle was challenged to meet the thrust vectoring requirements of an Advanced Short Takeoff and Vertical Landing (ASTOVL) aircraft. The nozzle underwent a development process from concepts to detail design using computational flow analyses and from subscale performance verification tests to full-scale hardware design. The LiftFan™ nozzle is capable of providing a pitch vector range of about 80 degrees from up to 20 degrees forward to 60 degrees aft. In addition, a set of post exit yaw doors provide ± 10 degrees yaw while maintaining a relatively high performance at all operating conditions. Further, the nozzle is axially compact, to be stowable in very short length (L/D < 0.3), while efficiently converging the upstream nozzle flow from an annular cross section to a “D” shape at the nozzle exit. The discussion includes a review of various nozzle concepts, viscous flow analyses, and results from 1/3 scale nozzle model tests conducted at NASA LeRC Powered Lift Facility (PLF) in 1994.