1997-10-27

Overview of Emission Reduction Technology Development on Motorcycle Application in Taiwan 978485

Five systems, fuel injection, ignition modulation, intake port flow control, exhaust after-treatment, and electric propulsion systems, are discussed here in terms of engine design modifications and new systems retrofitted to the motorcycle to reduce the exhaust emission.
A fuel injection system has been implemented to a 125cc air-cool four-stroke engine, and the results show that the improvement on the fuel economy, reduction of emission on HC and CO, and the fuel economy are 20%, 68%, and 10% respectively. By implementing the electrical ignition system into the target engine, the fuel economy and emission have slightly improved. The application of the inlet air flow control to a target engine also obtains 75% on CO reduction. The effectiveness of the exhaust after-treatment on a 80cc 2-stroke engine has demonstrated that the emission can be reduced up to 75%. The last emission reduction development is the electric propulsion system development which provide a zero emission and better energy efficiency solutions for the future motorcycle usage in the urban areas.
The authors will overview the development methodologies of the mentioned systems and the effectiveness of emission and fuel economy improvement from these engineering efforts in this article.

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