Integrated Control Device of Exhaust Throttle, Air Induction and Ignition for Emission Reduction 978490
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of an exhaust throttle installed in an exhaust pipe in a two-stroke motorcycle engine. In the experimental study, the exhaust-throttle system prevented fresh-gas from short-circuiting and consequently, improved unburnt hydrocarbon emissions and fuel economy, along with enhancing combustion stability. In actual running, in order to minimize HC emission level and stabilize cycle-to-cycle fluctuation of combustion including intermittent misfiring, an air-induction system and a long-duration spark ignition were used in addition to the exhaust throttle system. The control software for the integrated system was also a key point in improving HC and CO emission levels in the ECE-40 operation cycle. For detecting misfiring in the ECE-40 cycle, time-resolved HC variation was measured by a fast-response gas analyzer.