Emissions testing of new heavy-duty engines is performed to ensure compliance with governmental emissions standards. This testing involves operating the engine through the heavy-duty engine transient Federal Test Procedure (FTP). While in-use engine emissions testing would be beneficial in aiding regions to meet standards dictated by the Clean Air Act, the process of removing the engine from the vehicle, fitting it to an engine dynamometer, testing, and refitting the engine in the chassis, combined with costs associated with removing the vehicle from service, is expensive. A procedure for engine emissions testing with the engine in the vehicle using a chassis dynamometer was developed to mimic the FTP. Data from two engines and vehicles (a 195 hp 1994 Navistar T 444E in a single axle straight truck and a 1995 370 hp Cummins N-14 in a tandem drive axle tractor) are presented as well as correlation between engine and chassis emissions tests. Also included were data gathered to gauge the effects of engine tampering and malfunctioning on emissions levels.