Airless In-Line Adsorber System for Reducing Cold Start HC Emissions 980419
A completely passive cold-start emissions control system, without any secondary air source, was developed to reduce cold start hydrocarbon (HC) emissions. The Air-Less Adsorber (ALA) system has a first catalyst, an adsorber, and a second catalyst. The system is designed to adsorb a large fraction of hydrocarbons (HC) during cold start, followed by optimized heating of the second catalyst before adsorber HC desorption. During the HC desorption cycle, the engine is running in closed-loop control near stochiometric air/fuel ratio. There is enough oxygen to oxidize the desorbed HC over the second catalyst.
The ALA system was evaluated using the FTP test on a 3.8 liter V6 vehicle. The ALA system reduced up to 38% of cold start HC emissions beyond the catalyst-only baseline. The system is truly passive.