1998-02-23

Integration of Chassis Frame Forming Analysis into Performance Models to More Accurately Evaluate Crashworthiness 980551

For Body on Frame vehicles, the chassis truck frame absorbs approximately 70% of the kinetic energy created from a frontal impact. Traditional performance analysis of the chassis utilizes standardized material properties for the Finite Element (FE) Model. These steel properties do not reflect any strain hardening effects that occur during the forming process. This paper proposes a process that integrates the frame side rail forming analysis results into the FE crash model. The process was implemented on one platform at Ford Motor Company to quantify the effects. The forming analysis provided material thinout, yield strength, and tensile strength which were input into the performance model. With the modified properties, the frame deceleration pulse and buckling mode exhibited different characteristics. The integration of CAE disciplines is the next step in increasing the predictability of analytical tools.

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