Engine-Out and Tail-Pipe Emission Reduction Technologies of V-6 LEVs 980674
Compared with in-line 4-cylinder engines, V-6 engines show a slower rise in exhaust gas temperature, requiring a longer time for catalysts to become active, and they also emit higher levels of engine-out emissions. In this study, The combination of a new type of catalyst, and optimized ignition timing and air-fuel ratio control achieved quicker catalyst light-off. Additionally, engine-out emissions were substantially reduced by using a swirl control valve to strengthen in-cylinder gas flow, adopting electronically controlled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), and reducing the crevice volume by decreasing the top land height of the pistons. A vehicle incorporating these emission reduction technologies reduced the emission level through the first phase of the Federal Test Procedure (FTP) by 60-70% compared with the Tier 1 vehicle. The application of these technologies should enable V-6 engines to comply with Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) standards without adding expensive devices such as a secondary air pump or an electrically heated catalyst.
Advanced Developments in Ultra-Clean Gasoline-Powered Vehicles-PT-104, Catalysts: Emission Control and Lean Nox Technologies-SP-1353, SAE 1998 Transactions - Journal of Fuels and Lubricants-V107-4