Human Factors Data in Relation to Whiplash Injuries in Rear End Collisions of Passsenger Cars 981191
Cervical Spine Distortions (CSD) - sometimes called whiplash injuries - have turned out in passenger car accidents to be one of the most important types of injuries to occupants, according to the rate of occurences and to the significance of consequences as well. Many technical aspects of traffic accidents which in the past have led to CSD have been analysed and reported in a large number of publications. However human factors data are not as good represented in the literature.
Particularly these parameters and their relationship to whiplash injuries have been analysed on the basis of the Volkswagen Accident Database. The significance of the items gender, age, body height and body weight of belted occupants in passenger cars involved in rear end collisions is presented in quantitative terms regarding frequencies of occurance and risk of suffering CSD respectively.