1998-02-01

Development of Oxidation and de-NOx Catalyst for High Temperature Exhaust Diesel Trucks 981196

SOF and de-NOx catalysts are applied to heavy-duty diesel trucks which are regulated by European 13 mode or Japanese 13 mode cycles. Precious metal free catalysts can reduce SOF at low temperatures without increasing sulfates up to 670C. This catalyst shows little deterioration after 400 hours of high temperature engine aging. 32% PM and 47% SOF reduction is observed under 13 mode tests when the exhaust gas temperature exceeds 700C (ECE-13 mode). This precious metal free catalyst is suitable for diesel trucks, especially trucks with natural aspirating engine whose exhaust gas temperature is very high.
De-NOx catalysts with a 300-500C NOx reduction temperature window are applied to the Japanese heavy-duty test cycle (Japan 13 mode). When secondary diesel fuel is added under modes 8 to 12, (secondary fuel addition only when catalyst inlet temperature is more than 300C), 19-25% NOx can be reduced with 2-4% fuel penalty. A combination of EGR with de-NOx catalyst has proved to be effective in achieving higher NOx reduction with less fuel penalty.

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