This paper describes and illustrates two different approaches used to predict population strength capabilities. One approach uses statistical regression models to predict maximum acceptable weight or force capabilities as a function of population attributes (e.g., anthropometry, gender and standardized strength scores). A second approach relies on a biomechanical concept stating that the maximum force one can produce in a given posture and for a given type of exertion is a function of the minimum relative strength produced by one's muscles at a particular joint. This latter approach has resulted in a specific static strength prediction model which has been implemented in software produced by the Center for Ergonomics at the University of Michigan. The software allows the simulation of a large variety of manual exertions. This paper describes the status of the two different approaches and implications and requirements for future human simulation and modeling systems.