Methods of Increasing the BMEP (Power Output) for Natural Gas Spark Ignition Engines 981385
The present levels of the BMEP for natural gas fueled spark ignition engines, the BMEP of 1.0MPa for stoichiometric burn and 1.2MPa for lean burn, are lower than those of diesel engines. This paper discusses the reasons. The factors that limit the BMEP are mainly engine knocking and thermal loading such as exhaust temperature and boost pressure.
The Miller cycle and cooled EGR were applied to a turbo-charged, 324kW natural gas engine for co-generation. A lower compression ratio prevents engine knocking and a higher expansion ratio reduces the exhaust temperature in the Miller cycle. The EGR also improves the knock limit by reducing the exhaust temperature.
In the Otto cycle, the BMEP is limited by the EGR ratio (COV_IMEP) which is used to control the engine knocking and decrease the exhaust temperature, but in the Miller cycle with its high expansion ratio and low compression ratio, is limited by the boost pressure. The combination of the Miller cycle and EGR system demonstrates promising performance, substantially improving the BMEP to 1.7MPa under stoichiometric conditions compared to 1.0MPa by conventional engines. In this case, the following conditions were kept to ensure engine reliability.